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musical learningmusical intelligencedifferent ways to learnmusical learning
multiple intelligence, learning styles musical intelligence musical learning

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Multiple Intelligences

By incorporating into the learning experience a mixture of activities that meet the 8 different styles of learning ensures maximum effectiveness, input and retention.

There are 8 learning styles or intelligences as researched and published by Howard Gardner: Musical, Kinaesthetic, Mathematical / Logical, Visual / Spatial, Linguistic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal and Naturalist. In the following pages you can learn more about each intelligence and suggestions on how to develop these further.

Musical Intelligence

Music is a much more powerful learning tool than people tend to appreciate and it is therefore important for all of us to incorporate the art of music into our lives to a certain degree. Musical intelligence is more than merely ability with music per se – it is much wider, encompassing an aptitude for rhythm and patterns of sound. There are certain individuals who have a superb natural ability to be creative with any rhyme, rhythm or sound. There are also cultures, particularly African cultures, where this intelligence is in evidence to a greater extent than in other cultures.

Howard Gardener, in his book ‘Frames of Mind’ describes the core features of Musical Intelligence as sensitivity to pitch, melody, rhythm, timbre and the emotional aspects of sounds. Such individuals can easily be identified because they are seen to possess some or all of the following functional skills:-

  • Vocal Skills - A good strong voice for singing in tune and in harmony with others. A good sense of rhythm is also typical.
  • Composing Skills - An ability to make up songs, write music or at least have very defined tunes in their mind, often poetic.
  • Instrumental Skills - The ability to play one or more musical instruments at teenage or adult level. For those highly skilled, this ability may be developed and refined at a very early age.
  • Listening Skills - An interest, appreciation and sensitivity to various types of music such as classic, jazz, rock, country and so on.

Most of us have at least some musical intellect. Indeed we can dance to a beat, or learn something using a jingle or a rhyme. We all know words to songs that we have not consciously made the effort to learn, which just goes to show how powerful music can be in enhancing the memory process.

Develop Your Musical Intelligence by:

Musical intelligence DOES incorporate music – but is wider. It encompasses rhythm and rhyme such as that found in poetry. Most children find it easy to learn rhythmically – which is why nursery rhymes and children’s songs are so popular – indeed, some nursery rhymes have been passed down through generations for centuries. For example, children may still sing ‘ring-a-ring-a roses’ – from the 17th century European plagues.

Musical intelligence is also amplified in cultures without written language as the meter of a story makes it easier to remember and repeat fro many generations – often word for word.
Ways in which you could develop your musical intelligence could include:

  • Sing in the shower, whilst driving your car – anywhere!
  • Play ‘name that tune’ games
  • Go to concerts or musicals
  • Listen to your musical collection regularly
  • Join a choir
  • Regularly read poetry
  • Learn to write poetry
  • Learn to play a musical instrument
  • Spend one hour a week listening to an unfamiliar style of music for you (eg jazz, country & western, classical, folk, heavy rock, house music, etc)
  • Buy an electronic keyboard and learn simple melodies and chords.
  • Put on background music whilst studying, cooking, dressing or eating.
  • Listen for naturally occurring melodies or rhythms in such phenomena as footsteps, birdsong and even washing machines!
  • Learn to identify birds by their song
  • Create a musical autobiography by collecting recordings of music that has been important to you at different times of your life.
  • Hold a meeting where all communication must be sung!
  • Make up a jingle, rap or rhyme of key things you want to remember.

To further develop your learning styles we strongly recommend the following:

howard gardner multiple intelligences Multiple Intelligences- Howard Gardner   

Howard Gardners brilliant conception of individual competence is changing the face of education today. In the ten years since the publication of his seminal Frames of Mind , thousands of educators, parents, and researchers have explored the practical implications of Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory the powerful notion that there are separate human capacities, ranging from musical intelligence to the intelligence involved in understanding oneself. Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice brings together previously published and original work by Gardner and his colleagues at Project Zero.

howard gardner multiple intelligences interpersonalFrames of Mind: Theory of Multiple Intelligences - Howard Gardner

The author demonstrates that there exist many human "intelligences", common to all cultures - each with its own pattern of development and brain activity, and each different in kind from the others. These potentials include linguistic, musical and logical/mathematical capacities, as well as spatial and bodily intelligences, and the ability to arrive at an emotional and mental sense of self and other people. Rather than reducing an individual's potential to a single score on an IQ test, it is the fostering and education of all these intelligences that should be our concern.

howard gardner intelligence reframedIntelligence Reframed - Howard Gardner 

A brilliant state-of-the-art report on how the landmark theory of multiple intelligences is radically changing our understanding of education and human development. Now, in Intelligence Reframed, Gardner provides a much-needed state of the art report on the theory. He describes how it has evolved and been revised. He introduces two new intelligences, and argues that the concept of intelligence should be broadened, but not so much that it includes every human faculty and value.


Other Inspiring Breakthrough Multiple Intelligences within this section;

Logical Mathematical
Visual Spatial

Individual Performance Improvement
Team Performance Improvement
Accelerated Learning
Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
Business Growth Performance


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