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Multiple Intelligences

By incorporating into the learning experience a mixture of activities that meet the 8 different styles of learning ensures maximum effectiveness, input and retention.

There are 8 learning styles or intelligences as researched and published by Howard Gardner: Musical, Kinaesthetic, Mathematical / Logical, Visual / Spatial, Linguistic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal and Naturalist. In the following pages you can learn more about each intelligence and suggestions on how to develop these further.

Visual Spatial Intelligence

Some people are gifted with the ability to visualise the world with great accuracy. They are able to think in three-dimensional terms and can re-create an idea into a working visual model that they are also able to adapt and modify such a model prior to any physical construction. Such individuals have an amazing ability to create a mental map of a new territory providing a strong sense of spatial awareness for where they are positioned in relation to the world around them.

If you possess Visual-Spatial Intelligence, you are also highly likely to be good at arts and crafts, including design work. You may have an aptitude for architectural design, or be an excellent map-reader who can create an image of a landscape from the information on a map. You will probably find flowcharts and diagrams useful ways of considering information. It is often easy to recognise someone with Visual Spatial Intelligence, as they are able to navigate easily and visually arrange new information.

Visual Spatial Intelligence is defined by Gardener (in ‘Frames of Mind’) as the ability to perceive the visual world accurately, to perform transformations and modifications upon ones initial perceptions, and to be able to re-create aspects of ones visual experience, even in the absence of relevant physical stimuli.

The following skills represent the core abilities of individuals with Visual-Spatial Intelligence:

  • Spatial Awareness - The ability to solve problems involving spatial orientations and moving objects through space, such as finding ones way around, or manoeuvring a car.
  • Working with objects - The ability to use strategic eye-hand co-ordination to construct, arrange, decorate or fix things.
  • Artistic Design - The ability to carry out tasks or projects, which require aestheticism, judgement and design

To further develop your learning styles we strongly recommend the following:

multiple intelligences howard gardnerMultiple Intelligences- Howard Gardner   

Howard Gardners brilliant conception of individual competence is changing the face of education today. In the ten years since the publication of his seminal Frames of Mind , thousands of educators, parents, and researchers have explored the practical implications of Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory the powerful notion that there are separate human capacities, ranging from musical intelligence to the intelligence involved in understanding oneself. Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice brings together previously published and original work by Gardner and his colleagues at Project Zero.

howard gardner multiple intelligences interpersonalFrames of Mind: Theory of Multiple Intelligences - Howard Gardner

The author demonstrates that there exist many human "intelligences", common to all cultures - each with its own pattern of development and brain activity, and each different in kind from the others. These potentials include linguistic, musical and logical/mathematical capacities, as well as spatial and bodily intelligences, and the ability to arrive at an emotional and mental sense of self and other people. Rather than reducing an individual's potential to a single score on an IQ test, it is the fostering and education of all these intelligences that should be our concern.

howard gardner intelligence reframedIntelligence Reframed - Howard Gardner 

A brilliant state-of-the-art report on how the landmark theory of multiple intelligences is radically changing our understanding of education and human development. Now, in Intelligence Reframed, Gardner provides a much-needed state of the art report on the theory. He describes how it has evolved and been revised. He introduces two new intelligences, and argues that the concept of intelligence should be broadened, but not so much that it includes every human faculty and value.


Other Inspiring Breakthrough Multiple Intelligences within this section;

Logical Mathematical
Visual Spatial

Individual Performance Improvement
Team Performance Improvement
Accelerated Learning
Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
Business Growth Performance


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